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Jean Jacques Rousseau

"C'est de l'homme que j'ai à parler,..."

Quelles expériences seroient nécessaires pour parvenir à connoître l'homme naturel; et quels sont les moyens de faire ces expériences au sein de la société?

Loin d'entreprendre de résoudre ce Problême, je crois en avoir assés medité le Sujet, pour oser répondre d'avance que les plus grands Philosophes ne seront pas trop bons pour diriger ces expériences, ni les plus puissants souverains pour les faire; concours auquel il n'est guéres raisonnable de s'attendre surtout avec la perseverance ou plustôt la succession de lumiéres et de bonne volonté nécessaire de part et d'autre pour arriver au succés.

Jean Jaques Rousseau;
Discours sur l'origine et les fondements de l'inégalité parmi les hommes.
Amsterdam: Marc Michel Rey; 1755.

Abraham Lincoln




Source: The White House Internet Site, The Presidents of the United States

The Abolishment of Slavery in the United States of America

Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the United States. On January 1, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy.



The second inaugural address of Abraham Lincoln in 1865

Karl Marx

"The philosophers have only interpreted the world differently; the point is to change it."

"Die Philosophen haben die Welt nur verschieden interpretiert; es kommt aber darauf an, sie zu verändern."

"In place of the old bourgeois society,
with its classes and class antagonisms,
we shall have an association,
in which the free development of each
is the condition for the free development of all."

Communist Manifesto of 1848

Rosa Luxemburg


Rosa Luxemburg

Church and Socialism (Excerpts)

W.I. Lenin

To the Citizens of Russia!

The Provisional Government has been deposed. State power has passed into the hands of the organ of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies - the Revolutionary Military Committee, which heads the Petrograd proletariat and the garrison.

The cause for which the people have fought, namely, the immediate offer of a democratic peace, the abolition of landed proprietorship, workers' control over production, and the establishment of Soviet power - this cause has been secured.

Long live the revolution of workers, soldiers and peasants!

10 a.m., October 25, 1917

Revolutionary Military Committee
of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers'
and Soldiers' Deputies

According to our calendar: St. Petersburg, 10.am, 7. November 1917.

"Since materialism in general explains consciousness as the outcome of being, and not conversely, materialism as applied to the social life of mankind has to explain social consciousness as the outcome of social being."

W.I. Lenin; Karl Marx.
in: V.I. Lenin; Selected Works, Vol. XI.
London: Lawrence and Wishart Ltd.; 1939.


THIS IS THE PROGRAM OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY
OF THE SOVIET UNION



Edition of 1986

The Party calls upon all the Communists, all working people - workers, collective
farmers, and members of the intelligentsia - to take a most vigorous part in the
implementation of the historical tasks set forth in the Program. The Party is
confident that Soviet people, regarding the Program of the CPSU as their vital
cause, will make every effort to implement it.

DOWNLOAD
The Challenges of Our Time. Disarmament and Social Progress.
Highlights, 27th Congress, CPSU.
New York: International Publishers, 1986.
ISBN 0-7178-0642-1



1990
The General Secretary of the Communist Party
and President of the Soviet Union

M. Gorbachev receives the Nobel Prize


The Reward of the United States and the Western European States

"George Bush was elected to succeed Ronald Reagan as president of the United States in the November 1988 elections. The new Bush administration's foreign policy team, led by Secretary of State James Baker, was divided at first between the so-called "sqeezers", who saw no logic in attempts to bail out a troubled Soviet Union, and the "dealers", who wanted to make far-reaching agreements with Gorbatchev before he was toppeled from power."


Source:

20th Century International Relations.
in: the Encyclopædia Britannica,
Supplement, Vol. 2, 1994, p.17ff.




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